Skip to Content
Types of Cerebral Palsy

Types of Cerebral Palsy

How Many Different Types of Cerebral Palsy Are There?

Individuals diagnosed with cerebral palsy can be affected in a number of different ways. In order to better treat the condition, it has been classified into spastic, ataxic, and athetoid palsy, based on common symptoms. Understanding these three types of cerebral palsy can help you seek appropriate treatment suited to your child's needs.

Spastic Cerebral Palsy

As the most common form of the disorder, nearly 80% of cerebral palsy cases are classified as spastic cerebral palsy. This type of cerebral palsy is known to cause stiffness of movement on account of increased muscle tone. The condition is further divided into three categories based on its severity and how it affects the body.

  • Spastic diplegia/diparesis primarily affects the patient's legs, and may or may not affect other parts of the body. Spastic diplegia is characterized by a stiff walking motion called "scissoring."
  • Spastic hemiplegia/hemiparesis only impairs one side of a person's body, typically the arm. In addition to difficulty walking, the condition may cause scoliosis or seizures.
  • Spastic quadriplegia/quadriparesis is the most debilitating form of the disorder, and often affects the entire body. A person with spastic quadriplegia is unlikely to walk and will experience difficulty with speech. Other problems range from seizures to intellectual limitations.

Ataxic and Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy

The remaining types of cerebral palsy are less common, but still shape the lives of families throughout the nation. Ataxic cerebral palsy is known to cause difficulty with balance and coordination, in addition to limiting controlled movement. Walking and writing are among the tasks that may cause difficulty for a person with ataxic palsy. Limited depth perception may also affect a person with this condition.

Dyskinetic palsy involves a more extensive loss of muscular control. Hands, arms, feet, and/or legs may be affected by jerking movement. The face and tongue can also be affected. Depending on the exact symptoms experienced, a person may struggle with tasks such as walking, writing, speaking, and eating. Children may develop any of the above conditions, or may experience a combination of the three as they mature.

Know Your Legal Options - Call Goldstein Hayes & Lina, LLC

If your child has developed cerebral palsy due to a doctor's malpractice, you may be able to seek legal compensation. At Goldstein Hayes & Lina, LLC, our Atlanta birth injury attorneys are dedicated to providing compassionate legal service to the families and individuals who have suffered on account of medical negligence.

We are knowledgeable and experienced, and stand among the top law firms in Georgia. Contact the birth injury lawyers at our Atlanta firm to discuss your options.


Eric's Story

View More Stories

Case Results

More Than $400 Million Won for Georgia's Injured
  • $150 Million Truck Driver DUI: Wrongful Death
  • $30 Million Brain & Spinal Cord Injuries Requiring Extensive Treatment
  • $24,000,000 Commercial Motor Vehicle Collision Involving Brain and Spinal Cord Injuries
  • $20 Million Medical Negligence: Medical Malpractice
  • $17,250,00 Wrongful death tractor trailer collision
  • $9 Million Medical Negligence: Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Million Dollar Advocates Forum
  • Super Lawyers
  • Martindale-Hubbell®
  • Multi-Million Dollar Advocates Forum
  • The National Trial Lawyers: Top 100
  • Best Lawyers
  • 2021 America’s Top 100 Personal Injury Attorneys
  • Best Law Firms in Georgia, First-Tier Rankings


    • 75 Years of Combined Experience
      We apply our 75 years of combined legal experience to make sure each and every case is meticulously prepared for trial.
    • Over $600 Million in Recoveries
      We have successfully represented clients against some of the largest corporations, insurance companies, and hospitals.
    • Recognized for Our Expertise, with the Awards to Prove It
      Our attorneys are nationally recognized for providing exceptional service and obtaining outstanding results.
    • Personal Attention, Like You Are One of Our Own
      Our boutique setting ensures you receive small firm care – all with the advocacy, skill, and experience of a large firm.

    Client Testimonials

    Real Stories of Recovery
      "The most efficient, professional and ethical law firm in Georgia."
      If you are looking for the most efficient, professional and ethical law firm in Georgia you do not need to look any further than Goldstein Hayes & Lina, P.C. There are not enough kind and positive words that can use to express the gratitude and respect
      - Eileen G.
      "They have exceeded my expectations."
      Atty. Jonathan Hayes worked very hard for me and getting my case settle in a timely matter. I will recommend Goldstein Hayes & Lina P.C. to anyone looking for the best personal injury attorneys in Atlanta. They have exceeded my expectations.
      - Shunte
      "Extremely attentive, personable, and there for me."
      Goldstein Hayes & Lina made my unfortunate experience positive by representing me with little to no work on my end. It allowed me to heal from my injuries without worries. Mr. Hayes and paralegals were extremely attentive, personable, and there for me
      - Lauren J.
      "They have been so wonderful."

      Mr. Hayes, Jessica and Alli have helped me with two cases in the past 3 years, and they have been so wonderful! The generosity and kindness of everyone at this practice are just great. I will always refer them to anyone that needs legal representation f

      - Amanda S.
      "They have a client for life!!"
      I cannot tell you how much I appreciate the time and effort Jonathan Hayes and his staff have put into making my case successful!! Me and my family are forever grateful for all the help and support you have given us over the years. Jonathan Hayes fights fo
      - Cherry H.
      "Compassionate and professional service."
      Mr. Hayes, as well as his paralegal Jessica, offered us compassionate and professional service. Nothing can bring our son back, but having Mr. Hayes walk us through the litigation process made this nightmare just a little bit more bearable.
      - Dorcas W.
      "Highly recommended!"
      If you're looking for a firm that will fight for you, this is definitely the place to be. No fast-talking or bait and switch. They did everything they said they would do! They stood by me and concerned themselves with what concerned me.
      - Tina C.
      "The best attorney I have ever worked with."
      Both Jonathan and Jessica are extremely professional and really took care of me. Their communication was incredible through the whole process and I never had to worry about anything. From the start, they were really involved and interested in my wellbeing
      - Jessica P.
    REQUEST A FREE CONSULTATION Let our experienced and knowledgeable attorneys make the difference in your case.