birth injury is a scary thing to face. What every parent wants the most is to have
a healthy and happy baby. Unfortunately, sometimes
injuries occur before, during, or after birth. In some cases, injuries can heal
and the baby can recover. However, in some cases injuries leave permanent
effects such as disabilities, learning disorders, paralysis, brain damage,
and sometimes death. In this post, we explain the
most common birth injuries resulting from medical malpractice. If your infant was injured during
birth, you may be able to file a
medical malpractice claim. Medical malpractice is a contributing factor to a birth injury
if medical personnel acted carelessly during the pregnancy, birth, and
aftercare of your baby. An
experienced birth injury attorney can help you understand your options.
Most Common Birth Injuries Due to Medical Malpractice
Brachial palsy occurs when the brachial plexus is injured. The brachial
plexus contains the nerves that cause movement in the upper extremities,
the arms and hands. Brachial palsy is most often caused when the baby’s
shoulders become stuck in the pelvic bone of the mother during birth.
This is called shoulder dystocia. Injuries to the brachial plexus can
occur if the doctor pulls improperly or with excessive force while the
baby is being delivered.
Facial paralysis can result if the baby’s face is met with excessive
pressure during birth. This pressure causes damaged nerves. Some facial
paralysis injuries are minor and heal within weeks. More severe injuries
can cause permanent paralysis. Paralysis symptoms include inability to
move facial muscles or close an eye. This kind of injury can result from
birthing tools such as forceps or a birthing vacuum.
Brain injuries occur if there is a lack of oxygen flow to the brain. Oxygen
deprivation happens commonly during birth. Brain injuries during birth
can lead to problems such as seizures, hemorrhaging, cerebral palsy, developmental
delays, and motor impairments. Oxygen deprivation during birth can result
from a number of medical care errors including failure to detect a prolapsed
umbilical cord, leaving the baby in the birth canal for too long, or failure
to properly monitor the baby after birth.
Cephalohematoma is bleeding under the cranium. A bump on the head may indicate
cephalohematoma. This can occur from use of forceps. While the bump will
usually go away within several months, cephalohematoma can lead to jaundice,
anemia, and in rare cases, meningitis.
Most fracture injuries are minor and heal within days. A fracture occurs
when the doctor pulls with excessive force when the baby is in the “breech”
position. This is when the baby’s buttocks are delivered first instead
of the head resulting from how the baby is positioned before birth. The
most common type of fracture occurs in the collarbone.
Caput succedaneum is swelling of tissue on the head. Swelling can be caused
by use of a vacuum during birth. The swelling usually heals within a few days.
Contact Goldstein & Hayes, P.C.
Atlanta metro area attorneys at Goldstein & Hayes know the level of
emotional support and legal representation needed by families recovering
from a birth injury.
Contact us today for a free consultation.